Mon. Mar 4th, 2024

Jailed human rights activist Narges Mohammadi, 51, has been awarded the 2023 Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of her combat towards the oppression of Iran’s girls and her combat to advertise human rights and freedom for all.

Mohammadi was introduced as this yr’s laureate on Friday at 11:00 native time in Oslo, by Berit Reiss-Andersen, head of the Norwegian Nobel Committee.

“Zan. Zendegi. Azadi. Ladies. Life. Freedom,” Reiss-Andersen started, drawing on the motto utilized by Iran’s protesters who took to the streets en masse because the loss of life of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini in September 2022 whereas in police custody after she was arrested for allegedly carrying her headband too loosely.

Saying Mohammadi’s choice, Reiss-Andersen stated: “Her courageous wrestle has include super private value. All collectively, the regime has arrested her 13 occasions, convicted her 5 occasions, and sentenced her to a complete of 31 years in jail, and 154 lashes.” She emphasised that Mohammadi continues to be in jail at that actual second.

In an announcement despatched to the New York Occasions, Mohammadi shared her response to successful the prize: “The worldwide assist and recognition of my human rights advocacy makes me extra resolved, extra accountable, extra passionate and extra hopeful,” she informed the publication. “I additionally hope this recognition makes Iranians protesting for change stronger and extra organized. Victory is close to.”

Who’s Narges Mohammadi?

Mohammadi started her reform activism in native journalism, however she is greatest identified for her involvement with the Defenders of Human Rights Middle—based by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Shirin Ebadi—since 2003. Earlier than her arrest, she served as Vice President of the human rights group. Mohammadi has been repeatedly arrested for her work in aiding incarcerated activists and their households, with the primary occasion relationship again to 2011. 

After being launched on bail in 2013, Mohammadi started campaigning for the abolition of the loss of life penalty in Iran. Iran was the nation with the best identified executions final yr, at 576, in keeping with a report by Amnesty Worldwide printed in Might.

Learn Extra: These 3 International locations Are Answerable for 90% of World Executions

Mohammadi is at the moment serving a number of sentences amounting to 12 years in Tehran’s infamous Evin jail. “Upon her return to jail, she started opposing the regime’s systematic use of torture and sexualized violence towards political prisoners, and particularly girls, that’s practised in Iranian prisons,” Reiss-Andersen stated.

Mohammadi has performed her half within the mass protest motion in Iran since Amini’s loss of life, organizing solidarity occasions with different political prisoners. She additionally managed to smuggle out an article which was printed within the New York Occasions in September, by which she defined the surroundings of the jail when information of the protests reached them.

Concluding her speech, Reiss-Andersen stated that Mohammadi’s choice additionally acknowledged a whole bunch of 1000’s of protestors who’ve resisted the Iranian regime. “Solely by embracing equal rights for all, can the world obtain the fraternity between nations that Alfred Nobel sought to advertise,” she stated.

Mohammadi is the nineteenth lady, and second Iranian lady, to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

Mohammadi had been included within the annual shortlist by Henrik Urdal, director of the Peace Analysis Institute Oslo, as one in every of his first picks for this yr’s prize. “We had been delighted to see a human rights defender win the prize this yr, and it was [the] first on our shortlist,” Urdal tells TIME. “We hope as we speak’s prize will ship a transparent message to world leaders together with america that worldwide strain is required to enhance the lives of women and girls in Iran.”

Learn Extra: Right here Are the Favorites to Win the 2023 Nobel Peace Prize

Urdal’s shortlist, which is extensively studied annually, additionally featured Afghan journalist Mahbouba Seraj, Indigenous rights activists Victoria Tauli-Corpuz and Juan Carlos Jintiach, the Worldwide Courtroom of Justice, Kyaw Moe Tun and Myanmar’s Nationwide Unity Consultative Council, and the nonprofit Human Rights Knowledge Evaluation Group that tracks rights violations across the globe.

Final yr’s prize was received by human rights activists from Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia, in what was seen as a condemnation of Russian President Vladimir Putin and Belarusian President Aleksandr Lukashenko.

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